Coronavirus, Prevention and Testing.

Coronavirus, Prevention and Testing.

Covid 19, a new strain of coronavirus virus that originated in Wuhan, China in December 2019, has now become a worldwide disease (pandemic). More than 500,000 people worldwide have been infected from this disease and over 25,000 have died.

More than 100 patients have been found in Sri Lanka. The disease spreads primarily from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes, speaks. People can catch COVID-19 if they breathe in these droplets from an infected person. These droplets can land also on surfaces around the infected person and you can get infected by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.

The incubation period to show symptoms it takes about 2 to 14 days. Initially, symptoms of respiratory system diseases occur first with pain and dryness in the throat. Even the voice can get changed. Others may develop symptoms related to the common cold, including headaches and mild diarrhea. The fever lasts for 2 to 5 days and eventually causes shortness of breath.

Breathing problems occur with pneumonia after the virus spreads to the lungs. When a patient is having Pneumonia the difficulty in breathing occurs because the lungs cannot expand and perform effective air exchange with atmosphere when breathing in. At this point, the patient may need oxygen, as an aid to breathe.

Several groups of patients who are often critically ill have been identified. These include adults over 60 years of age and those with diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Approximately 80% of patients develop a common condition and recover within two weeks. The death rate is close to 3 percent.

Patient’s history is often affected by recent contact with patients, travel professionals, foreigners, and family members. It is currently found that 4 people are at risk of contracting the disease from one patient.

Patient verification is performed by examining a sample of phlegm from the throat. It is confirmed by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and it takes about 6 hours to 2 days for the test results to be obtained.

The exact drug is yet to be tested and is currently under investigation. Patients should be hospitalized and treated individually as the risk of spread is greater. This involves checking the condition of the patient daily and providing the patient with rest, fluid and food in a proper manner.

The patient’s immune system produces antibodies to the virus, killing the virus and curing it within 14 days. Critical patients are treated in the ICU.

It is important to follow the following measures to prevent the disease.
1. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water. It is important to rinse for 20 seconds and rinse at least 7 times a day. It is best to use an alcohol-containing sanitizer.
2. Avoid touching your nose, mouth and eye with unwashed hands.
3. Always keep a distance of 1 meter or 3 feet when dealing with others.
4. Sneeze into your elbow or into a tissue. Ensure the tissue is discarded properly into a bin afterwards.
5. Minimize the crowds when possible. You are safe as long as you are at home.
6. If you have a respiratory illness, wear a mask.
7. Get 7 hours of good sleep.
8. Drink warm water whenever possible.
9. If you have symptoms, seek medical attention as soon as possible.